This is an online version of the handbook, at present stripped of the images and photos. The full handbook can be downloaded from here
Oxfordshire climate change community groups handbook
v1.0 July 2010
1. Welcome and background climate information. 4
1.1 Welcome. 4
1.2 Background information about climate change. 6
1.3 Background information about Climate Impacts and Adaptation. 6
1.4 Background information about Peak Oil 8
2. Getting active. 9
2.1 Getting started. 9
2.2 Diversity. 10
2.3 Ideas for introductory events. 11
2.4 Outreach and engagement ideas. 14
Case Study 1: Abingdon Carbon Cutters ‘How To’ meetings organised between 2009 – 2010. 15
2.5 Fetes, fairs and energy days. 16
2.6 Communicating Climate Change. 19
2.7 Feeling under the weather. 20
3. Issues. 23
3.1 Home Energy reduction. 23
3.2 Eco-renovation and energy efficiency. 27
3.3 Innovative waste reduction. 29
CASE STUDY 2: Dorchester Carbon Project. 30
3.4 Micro hydro projects. 33
Case study 3: Goring & Streatley Sustainability Group (GSSG). 33
3.5 Local foods. 35
Case Study 4 : Apple Days in Brightwell cum Sotwell 35
Case Study 5: Charlbury Sharecroppers: 36
3.6 Transport and travel 38
4. SPECIFIC SECTORS. 41
4.1 Faith groups. 41
4.2 Schools. 44
Case Study 6: The CIAO! Ark. 44
4.3 Business and workplace. 46
Case Study 7: Smarter driving, Oxford City Council 48
4.4 Campaigning. 49
5. Local and National networks. 50
6. Resources. 52
6.1 Funding. 52
Case Study 8: Local Groups Financial Sustainability Plan. 53
6.2 Hardware – resources to borrow.. 55
6.3 Posters, information, web resources and local speakers. 56
Appendix 1: Climate Science information. 59
Appendix 2: Working with your Local Authority. 60
Appendix 3: Event Publicity. 64
Appendix 4: Case Study: Thermal Imaging Study of Brightwell Cum Sotwell 65
Case Study 9: Thermal Imaging Studies. 65
Appendix 5: Case Study 10: RM (Research Machines) goes Green, by Anthony Simpson. 71
Appendix 6: List of Community groups active on climate change in Oxfordshire. 74
Appendix 7: Updating this resource. 77
<!--[if !supportLists]-->1. <!--[endif]-->Welcome and background climate information
This handbook has been produced by Oxfordshire ClimateXchange, Oxfordshire Rural Community Council (ORCC) and the Community Action Group (CAG) Oxfordshire Project to assist local community responses to climate change in Oxfordshire. Much of the material will be useful for community based climate projects across the UK, but many examples and networks cited are specific to Oxfordshire.
The aims of the handbook are:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->To showcase the variety of approaches to climate change that community groups can adopt using case studies from successful projects
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->To provide some basic facts and figures that community groups can use in their work
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->To provide an effective signpost to other organisations that can support community groups
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->To save time in setting up new groups
The handbook is intended to be updated annually, and to exist alongside existing forms of community information, displayed in Table 1.
Note on using this handbook: This handbook contains hyperlinks to web pages, normally shown as blue or purple underlined text. Clicking on these links whilst online will normally direct you to the resource and website mentioned. Website addresses are also given, sometimes in full and sometimes in a shortened version (tinyurl). The table of contents at the beginning contains links to different sections of the handbook, so clicking on the titles will take you to the relevant section.
The ideas in this handbook are continually evolving, and many have emerged through sharing and developing ideas and resources. We’d love to include your experiences too – please send them in, see Appendix 7 for guidelines. There are many other sources of information: we’ve not tried to reproduce them all, but have signposted where appropriate. If you feel other resources should be included, please let us know. Further sources of local and national information and support are listed in the relevant sections.
Thank you to all the contributors to this handbook and I wish you best of luck with your community project, whatever stage you’re at.
Jo Hamilton, Oxfordshire ClimateXchange, July 2010
1.2 Background information about climate change
Climate change is undoubtedly one of the key challenges of the 21st Century, requiring multi-level solutions. It’s widely recognised that by 2050 the UK needs to reduce its emissions of Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) by at least 80% based on 1990 levels (UK Climate Act 2008). It’s an unprecedented challenge, and set against a backdrop of resource depletion, globally threatened biodiversity and global financial and political instability, it’s sometimes hard to feel that individuals taking action can make a difference. But individual action is only one part of the story.
The UK might only account for 2% of global emissions, but the UK government is a leader on the world stage, being one of the first governments to bring about the legally binding Climate Act to reduce country wide emissions. An act is only one starting point – what’s needed are millions of actions, and that’s where you and your communities are important.
If you only consider the carbon saved by a few people changing their consumer habits, believing that our actions will have an impact requires a certain leap of faith. When you also consider how our action impacts on others and shapes the world we live in, the story changes. Without concerted citizen action we wouldn’t have the Climate Act, we wouldn’t have the inspiring examples in this handbook, we wouldn’t have most of the tools to make it easier, nor those of community organisations across the UK and the world who are shining examples of a positive, lower carbon future.
Reduce our carbon footprint, increase our citizen footprint
We might be familiar with decreasing our carbon footprint (the amount of carbon dioxide we’re personally responsible for), but what does ‘increasing our citizen footprint’ mean?
It could be working and acting together, thinking outside the box, leading beyond our authority (taking the initiative and not waiting for anyone to ask us) and making the changes that we want to see. The community examples in this book didn’t come about because someone asked for them, they came about because people like you made them happen.
See Appendix 1 for further info about climate change.
1.3 Background information about Climate Impacts and Adaptation
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->We need to both reduce our emissions of greenhouse gases (mitigation) and prepare for the projected impacts of climate change (adaptation). Adapting to the existing and projected changes to the climate will take ingenuity and skill, and can be a good way to bring climate change down to earth in your local community. Tackling adaptation and mitigation together can help ‘join the dots’ of the issues. This can be useful when engaging sectors who rely on the weather, such as farmers, gardeners, and businesses.
We are committed to a certain amount of unavoidable warming over the next 3 or 4 decades, and will have to prepare for and adapt to this. Our actions now will influence the projected future impacts of climate change.
In general Oxfordshire can expect to experience:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Hotter, drier summers
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Milder, wetter winters
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->More ‘extreme events’- heat waves, flash flooding, torrential rain…
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Greater unpredictability of weather
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Further temperature rise of between 1-2°C
1.4 Background information about Peak Oil
What is Peak oil?
"The term Peak Oil refers to the maximum rate of the production of oil in any area under consideration, recognising that it is a finite natural resource, subject to depletion."
--Colin Campbell (http://www.peakoil.net/about-peak-oil )
Although the world is not running out of oil, we are close to running out of easy-to-get, cheap oil. The peak of oil discovery was passed in the 1960s, and the world started using more than was found in new fields in 1981. The gap between discovery and production has widened since. Many countries, including some important producers, have already passed their peak, suggesting that the world peak of production is now imminent. That means we’re about to go into energy decline – that extended period when, year on year, we have decreasing amounts of oil to fuel our industrialised way of life.
There will always be oil left in the ground, for a start you can’t extract all that’s there and also the fact that the economists conveniently gloss over: regardless of how much money you can make selling oil, once it takes an oil barrel's worth of energy to extract a barrel of oil, it’s going to get left in the ground.
What does this mean and how does it relate to climate change?
Climate change is a broad issue, affecting every aspect of our lives. As the root cause of climate change is burning fossil fuels, responding positively to Peak Oil and climate change simultaneously focuses attention on building resource efficiency and resilience in the face of the twin challenges of climate change and peak oil. Greenpeace’s prescient paper ‘The Carbon Logic’<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[i]<!--[endif]--> noted back in 1997 that even if we used the economically recoverable reserves of fossil fuels, this would push the climate beyond safe limits.
Note: much of the above information was taken from the two excellent resources below.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2. <!--[endif]-->Getting active
2.1 Getting started
“It starts when you say We and know who you mean, and each
day you mean one more” (Marge Piercy, The Low Road)
How do a few concerned people go from ideas to a group? It only takes a few people to get some energy rolling in your locality, so think who you know in the village who is interested in these issues, involved in community affairs, or involved in Community Led Planning projects, as they will be key nodes to other people.
Some groups have started by bringing a few friends together over a drink or some food to think about how they can take action locally, whilst others have advertised by posters in the newsagent or a note in the village magazine / newsletter. From this some groups have an open event, such as a talk or a film, and ask people to come along to follow up meetings. There are ideas for first meetings below.
Table 4: Resources to help you get started
Community Led Planning projects
New website enabling you to check which communities are involved in Community Led Planning in the South East.
How to plan and deliver a successful community climate change project
Effective planning will help make sure your community project is a success.
This guide will help you to get the most out of your community project
How to include community climate change action within your parish plan
This guide provides an introduction to parish planning, the opportunities for tackling climate change through parish plans, and the support and resources available to help you do this.
How to monitor and evaluate your community project
So you've set up your project, but how can you tell if it's going well? This guide tells you all you need to know about monitoring and evaluating what you're doing - from why it's important to what tools you can use.
The most resilient responses to climate change will come about by thinking about and incorporating the skills and strengths of the whole community – so reach out wide. It’s important not to get disheartened if you’re not reaching everyone, as groups do take time to build up and are often a result of a few determined people at their core. It’s also important to actively try and engage as diverse a range of community members as possible, as they will be the best routes to encourage others on board.
Some general sources of information for reaching a wider and more diverse audience are below, additionally you’ll see ideas for specific sectors in section 4.
Table 5: Resources for Diversity
Black Environment Network (BEN)
BEN is established to promote equality of opportunity with respect to ethnic communities in the preservation, protection and development of the environment. They work across diverse sectors for ethnic environmental participation. See their website for details of training and resources.
Capacity Global pioneers environmental justice solutions tackling social justice and environmental issues in urban locations worldwide. See their website for a host of materials, info, details of projects and links to many other resources on environmental justice and inclusion.
Reachability: Climate Reach
Oxford based Reachability has produced a range of materials, ideas for workshops and ways to engage groups of people as part of their Climate Reach project. Full details and info sheets are available on their website.
The Transition Network is currently developing materials and toolkits to encourage diversity in groups. Check the website further details, plus see the info contained in the Transition Cities Diversity Workshop here: http://tiny.cc/yvce0
For more diversity with faith based groups, see the Akashi Project from Cambridge Carbon footprint.
2.3 Ideas for introductory events
First events are crucial to gauge the interest in the community and to invite people who might not ordinarily consider getting involved. Before planning the first event it’s a good idea to ask friends and colleagues what would encourage them to come along, then try to provide it. People will come for many different reasons – some to find out what action they can take on climate change, some to find out what they can do personally, some checking it out for interest, and others coming because they want to meet new people.
Make it fun and interactive
Some people hear the words ‘community action on climate change’ as ‘doom-mongering guilt trippers wanting to stop me from having fun’ – so it’s up to you to prove otherwise and use your imagination to attract people along. Our best thinking and creative solutions happen when we’re stimulated and enjoying ourselves, so think ‘social event’ instead of ‘meeting’ and you’re on the right track.
Ensure to have a good balance of information and interactions: so get people talking to each other as much as you can, and have a variety of activities. How about serving popcorn and a glass of wine with films? Beer and cake at meetings? Some groups have asked their local suppliers of beverages (including breweries, juice makers and their local Co-op store) to sponsor them through providing refreshments at events.
Table 6: ideas and examples of ‘getting started’ activities
Is there anyone local who could give a climate change overview? Do ask them if they would like to contribute.
You could ask someone from a neighbouring climate change group (see Appendix 6), someone from your Local Authority (see Appendix 2) or local climate change speakers (see Section 6.3)
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Example: Low Carbon Wolvercote launched with a buzz back in2007: “A sell-out crowd came to our village hall to launch the Low Carbon Wolvercote project on Friday 27th April 2007. With "No room at the Low Carbon Inn", the local Reverend was Master of Ceremonies... introducing local renowned author Mark Lynas (High Tide, Six Degrees) and his "Wolvercote Weather Forecast, Year 2049". A quiz, beer and cakes, and the Low Carb Diet top 10 hits kept the climate buzz going all evening ...supported by the infamous ClimateX washing line.”
Film screenings are a great way to introduce the whole topic, or ways that people are responding to climate change. Some films are more upbeat than others, so take a look at the ones available. See the details in resources, and don’t forget that you can borrow a computer, projector and speakers for screenings from ClimateX (speakers powerful enough for up to 30 people in a small hall).
Examples: Transition Henley screened an Inconvenient Truth, but with a difference. They showed short snippets of the film, and interspersed the snippets with small group discussions, which was a great way to get the main messages of the film across, and encourage a lot of group interaction.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Kidlington vs Climate Change launched their group with a screening of ‘An Inconvenient Truth’, followed by Q&As, attracting over 150 people.
Climate change question time:
For a range of opinions, why not invite a range of local people who will have different experiences and expertise on climate change. This can be a great way to get a range of experiences and opinions about the impacts and actions needed, help people see the problem from a variety of angles, and counteract the idea that only certain people care about, are impacted by, or can take action on climate change.
If you’re doing an info based event, such as a film screening or talk, make sure to leave time and space for people to talk and share their responses afterwards. See Section 2.7 – Feeling under the Weather.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Talking in pairs
Ask people to turn to the person next to them or someone they don’t know and briefly discuss how they felt about the film / talk, what they were struck by, and what questions they have. This gives people a chance to think through and process thoughts and ideas before open questions, and can help speed up the discussion time.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Small group discussions
You could have short snippets of talks about some key areas (for example home energy, transport, food, waste) then have the group spilt up according to which are they’d like to find out more about, and have clusters of chairs in different parts of the room.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Open Ended sentences / motivational interviewing
Studies have shown that if participants tap into their own motivations for taking action, they’re more likely to persuade themselves to get involved – so give it a go See Section 2.7 – Feeling under the Weather.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Get out the post-its!
Ask people to write what areas they’d like to focus on or what questions they have on post it notes. Cluster them on large sheets of paper to capture ideas and identify where the energy lies.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Try ‘Open Space’
Many Transition Initiatives use a form of meeting technique called ‘Open Space’, whereby the agenda is set by participants suggesting topics to talk about, and many discussions are held simultaneously. The Transition Network writes: ‘We’ve found Open Space Technology to be a highly effective approach to running meetings for Transition Initiatives. In theory it ought not to work. A large group of people comes together to explore a particular topic or issue, with no agenda, no timetable, no obvious coordinator and no designated minute takers. However, we have run separate Open Spaces for Food, Energy, Housing, Economics and the Psychology of Change. By the end of each meeting, everyone has said what they needed to, extensive notes had been taken and typed up, lots of networking has had taken place, and a huge number of ideas had been identified and visions set out.’
For further information see: http://www.transitionnetwork.org/community/support/12-ingredients and you can see a video explaining it here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ux_LFjFeCvg
A quick introduction to Open Space can be found on Harrison Owen's website. The essential reading on Open Space is Harrison Owen’s Open Space Technology: A User’s Guide.
2.4 Outreach and engagement ideas
‘Involving and engaging a local community in discussion, debate and actions to mitigate the effects of climate change is challenging, rewarding and frustrating!... it’s about changing hearts and minds and promoting a positive ‘can do’ approach which will lead to permanent and lasting changes in behaviour, habits and attitudes’ Candy Kerpache, Challenge North Leigh.
Are Fritillaries or polar bears more relevant locally?
People are motivated to take action on climate change for many different reasons. We’ve found it effective to lead into climate change from where their interest already lies. Put simply, make climate change:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Visual: try to use pictures over words. Evoke pictures in people’s minds.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Local: what’s precious and resonant locally? How could climate change impact different aspects of your community? What local impacts have been experienced? What links are there between your community and other parts of the world?
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Understandable: go for maximum inclusivity by ensuring that any jargon is explained in any communication that you do.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Relevant: make it relevant for the audience / group that you’re trying to attract. If there’s a strong allotment / faith group / sports team / Women’s Institute, have a think about what’s relevant for these groups, how they might be impacted, and what their involvement could look like.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Balanced: if you want people to take action, try to consider how this could be tied into their existing actions, and try to balance the URGENCY of the situation, with a chance for their AGENCY.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Beware of information overload: too much doom and gloom information can be off-putting and paralysing, but not including any information about the negative aspects will leave people questioning.
You could try organising a series of skills workshops, to introduce people to topics in an involving way. Abingdon Carbon Cutters have done lots of these workshops (see table 7) , and Dorchester Carbon Project have run skills workshops on mending clothes, reducing food waste / cooking with leftovers, natural cleaning products.
Case Study 1: Abingdon Carbon Cutters ‘How To’ meetings organised between 2009 – 2010
All the ‘How to’ Workshops have been well attended with a minimum of 15 people and quite often 30 or even 45. A core group of regulars attends with a variety of others including newcomers, depending on the topic. The venue was a very pleasant setting in Abingdon. Home-made cake using local ingredients where possible is served.
These are the topics we have covered so far:
How make a good compost heap
Led by a Master Composter who gave a practical demonstration, which was very participative. For me this transformed my mediocre compost heap into one that produces fine compost in a fraction of the previous time.
How to grow a lot of food in a small space
Talk with practical examples of container vegetable growing from Robert Longstaff of The Oxford Garden Project (www.oxfordgardenproject.com ), a local organic grower.
How to be a good vegetable grower
Talk by Robert Longstaff of The Oxford Garden Project . Included hands-on demonstrations of seed sowing and pricking out, root trainers of different sizes etc. Invaluable advice and re-assurance for everyone from the absolute beginner onwards.
How to waste less food
Talk from Emma of Love Food Hate Waste with advice on cooking with and storing leftovers!
How to farm for the future
Showed the TV film “A Farm for the Future” and invited local farmers to contribute – not many accepted but Iain Tolhurst from Tolhurst Organic Produce who provide organic locally grown veg boxes gave interesting and valuable input.
How to travel well on less fuel
Well-researched and accessible talk/powerpoint presentation by Chris Goodall, author of “How to Live a Low-carbon Life” (www.carboncommentary.com) including good info on the two car clubs in Oxford.
How to slash your fuel bill
Talk and power point presentation by Mark Saunders from the Vale of White Horse District Council.
How to look after your bike
Discussion and practical demo (in the garden) using bikes brought in by participants.
How to plug into solar power
Talk from Chris Jardine of Oxford University Environmental Change Institute. People with visible panels around the town had been invited and many of them came and contributed their experiences.
How to use all your apples
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->demonstrated our pressing machine with windfalls that participants had brought.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->demonstrated how to make ‘Tarte Tatin’,
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->shared recipes for various apple products
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->ate the Tarte Tatin and a delicious homemade apple crumble. Yum yum!
How to green your home
Local architect Philip Waddy gave a talk and power-point presentation on how to reduce the carbon footprint of your existing home, with particular mention of ‘old’ properties, starting with the cheap and simple. Very practical and helpful.
How to have an eco-christmas
Fun evening where we all sat in a circle and everyone contributed their own ideas - one or two demonstrations eg elegant parcel wrapping using re-cycled materials
How to live a sustainable life using Permaculture
Talk by Sophie and Martin Bowes on basic theory. Contact www.oxfordpermaculture.org/
How to make Abingdon carbon neutral
Billed as a chance to meet “people from other places, organisations and local councils”, this was so poorly attended that locals were outnumbered by visitors. Too political?
Reflection on the ‘How To ..’ events:
Most of the meetings have attracted about 30 people and what is fascinating is that different people come to different topics. All have been deliberately very participative and people love the chance to share their knowledge and experience. We used to start by asking everyone to turn to the person sitting next to them and spend a minute telling them why they have come and what they hope to gain from the evening, then after the talk ask them to chat again for a few minutes with their initial reactions. People now do this without being formally prompted!
We have the speaker for an hour then break for cake, it is during this time that informal links are made. Coffee/tea and delicious home-made cakes have become an integral part of the evening – so much so that we are thinking of widening the circle of potential cake-makers.
As far as one can tell people learn quite a lot. We plan to do more of the same.
In the Autumn we are planning a hands on ‘Make Do and Mend’ round the fire – patching clothes, mending garments, making new out of old etc. We’re also thinking about how to do one on mending other more practical things, such as sharpening knives etc.
2.5 Fetes, fairs and energy days
Piggy backing on existing events is a great way to spread the word about your group, attract more people, and encourage people to take action. Check out when the village or school fetes are and set up a fun interactive stall.
Stalls at fetes
You don’t have to organise your own event, stalls and tables at existing fetes / farmers markets are a great way of engaging people who might not be able to get out to an evening meeting.
Things that work well on stalls are:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Information about energy and energy efficiency, such as case studies of Eco-renovated homes.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Hands on! Things to look at and touch, such as low energy light bulb libraries, or samples of insulation materials.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Posters / displays that people can interact with, perhaps with Post-it notes so that people can write what they would like to see happening locally.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Asking questions / provoking discussions. For example, asking people how they feel about climate change or what step they’d like to take next.
Make stalls interactive:
Wantage Area Climate Action had a stall at the Dickensian evening at Christmas. They found that having demo mini solar panels and insulation made out of plastic bottles can be good talking points, alongside a game: people had to pay money – they hid £5 in the occasional low energy light bulb box, got people to pay £1 and pick a box. This worked really well; it got people to the stall and they then were more likely to engage and look at other materials.
Many groups have gone the extra step and organised their own events too:
Kidlington Eco Fair
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Kidlington Vs Climate Change held Eco-Fairs at Exeter Hall in June 2009 and 2010. They made the most of the sunny weather on both days, with solar hot water demonstrations outside, and a whole host of stalls inside providing information, contacts and solutions. Both events were very successful, and their newly elected MP visited in 2010.
Challenge North Leigh
As part of their outreach to the wider community, Challenge North Leigh have held annual fetes on Cuckamus Green, with information, bikes to demonstrate energy, and a great community spirit to engage the whole of the community.
Sustainable Kirtlington’s Footprint Fayre
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Sustainable Kirtlington held a ‘Footprint fayre’ in 2008 – a village fete with a climate change theme, incorporating a dog show, quizzes, children’s art competitions and much more – and raised £500 towards renewable energy for the village hall.
Low Carbon Wolvercote
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--> LCW have held fun activities as part of Wolvercote fete, such as making Low Carbon Scarecrows. The point was that it was interactive, making fun things from recycled materials, and got people talking.
Car Free Day: simply by having a car under wraps, information about car free day, and folks with collecting buckets to charge cars going through the village raised over £500 for the group.
Table 7: Further resources for fetes
Many organisations can provide a great resource at fetes, some of which charge a modest fee. Here are some interactive ideas.
Northmoor Trust’s energy bus
(see section 4.2) or http://www.northmoortrust.co.uk/home/learning/energy-busters
The new Energy Bus is fitted with solar panels, a wind turbine and interactive displays is now available to visit schools across Oxfordshire.
http://climatex.org/articles/Tools/earth-rover-1/ Email: email@example.com
A converted milk float demonstrating a variety of renewable energy, with functioning renewable power systems, including wind turbine, solar thermal and solar photovoltaic technologies
Campaign for Real Events
A voluntary group providing demonstrations of DIY renewable energy and recycling, and 'alt tech' for art projects and education. They normally charge for events to cover their costs.
Cyc du Soleil
Local group offering PA and entertainments, combining energy from solar panels and bicycle generators in an electrifying ‘cyclosunthesis’. The electricity produced has the capacity to run a 500W PA system, amps, stage lights and a CD mixer or decks.
To discuss costs and availability contact: firstname.lastname@example.org / 01865 403357
2.6 Communicating Climate Change
There are many reports about communicating climate change. The selection below summarises some of the different approaches. If you’d like to gain confidence speaking about and communicating climate change, you could try one of COIN’s courses such as ‘Climate Change Condensed’ or ‘Climate Change Speaker Training’. See their full list of training courses and prices here: http://www.coinet.org.uk/training/climate_change_condensed
Table 8: Communication resources
How to engage your community and communicate about climate change http://tinyurl.com/3yedfpd
Great resource pack produced by George Marshall for the Energy Savings Trust
WWF’s Strategies for Change project
WWF's Strategies for Change project re-examines some of the assumptions that underlie current environmental campaigning, and suggests new evidence-based responses. In particular, the project looks at the importance of collective social values in driving change and at the ways those values are shaped. There are some useful books and reports on the website, including: ‘Meeting Environmental Challenges: The Role of Human Identity’. They highlight the important role that community groups play, the need for a space to consider the emotional responses to climate change, and an awareness of the confusion that exists about climate change in the public mind.
Futerra is a leading UK Sustainability Communications Agency. See their research and thought leadership on sustainability communications for the last eight years on their website.
Defra’s Framework for Pro-environmental Behaviours
DEFRA’s recent theory uses a social marketing approach (according to the National Social marketing Centre, this is the systematic application of marketing, along with other concepts and techniques, to achieve specific behavioural goals for a social good), but their analysis of the different triggers for different population segments is worth considering , to question who you are aiming at, and if the messages are appropriate for that audience. Read their 2008 report ‘A framework for Pro-environmental Behaviours’ .
Cambridge Carbon Footprint
Cambridge Carbon Footprint has used many methods to achieve individual and group change. Their ‘Carbon Conversations’ courses are effective, and are going to be increasingly offered in Oxfordshire.
2.7 Feeling under the weather
What have feelings got to do with climate change? Are they relevant?
“If you’re really paying attention, it’s hard to escape a sense of outrage, fear, despair. Author, deep-ecologist, and Buddhist scholar Joanna Macy says: Don’t even try.” Source: Yes magazine
Many studies (see Randall’s ‘A new Climate for Psychotherapy’ <!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[iii]<!--[endif]-->, and the report of the American Psychological Association Task Force on the ‘Interface Between Psychology and Global Climate Change’ <!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[iv]<!--[endif]-->) suggest that how we feel about an issue will influence how we act, or whether we even bother to get involved in an issue. Different feelings can arise from being confronted with information about the causes, impacts and politics of climate change. Unfortunately, the increase in reportage over the past few years has not resulted in the necessary action, the tone of the reportage is usually anything but empowering, and there are precious few examples of what people are doing to reduce CO2 emissions.
Why engaging with feelings is important
Whatever we may feel about climate change, it's good to make space for an emotional dimension, as sometimes people feel drained, overwhelmed, or sense an impending doom that they are powerless to avert. Sometimes people can assume that they are the only ones to feel this way, which can lead to feeling isolated and powerless, or lead into a burnout cycle of overwork.
One Word feelings about climate change.
From ClimateXchange survey of 717 people in Oxfordshire, 2007
How feelings can be used
Some of the projections about climate change are painful and overwhelming, and it’s sometimes hard to talk about painful things. In the UK we tend to avoid sharing painful or overwhelming issues in public, but in doing so it makes it harder to come up with positive and engaging solutions.
How to start the process of reclaiming response-ability
Simply by sharing how we feel, and allowing others to share how they feel, we can open up a valuable space from which sustained engagement and action can grow – and enabling people to respond to the information. In this way we're using our feelings as a way of bringing people together, instead of remaining isolated and scared. By mentioning how you, and others, feel about climate change in your talk, you give people permission for themselves to engage with how they feel about the issue.
Ways to incorporate this into events:
One word feelings
When people are introducing themselves ask them to say one word which best describes how they feel about climate change and one thing that makes their heart sing. This gives an indication of their feelings and something you can also reflect on later, either with the one word feelings slide /poster (see above) or by reflecting that people have different feelings about climate change.
If you’ve had a talk or shown a film, it’s a good idea to invite people to talk to the person next to them about how they feel about the issue. This not only gives them a chance to engage with their feelings, but also breaks down isolation, which can creep in if people are feeling overwhelmed by the impacts and realities of climate change.
Open Ended Sentences
This is a great exercise to do as part of a meeting. You’ll need to have a bell (or ting on a glass), and explain clearly.
Here’s some text you could use:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->I’d like you to get into a pair, and number yourselves 1 or 2.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->I’m going to read out the beginning of a sentence, and I would like the number 1s to repeat what I’ve said, then complete the sentence with whatever comes into their head. This is about exploring your initial thoughts and feelings about climate change, so there are no right and wrong answers.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Number 2s just listen attentively, but don’t engage in conversation. You might want to remind your partner of the beginning of the sentence if they dry up.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->After about a minute, I’ll ring a bell, and read out the beginning of another sentence. Number 1s will then start that sentence and complete it in the same way, then I’ll start the third sentence after another minute.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->After three sentences, I’ll ring a bell and encourage you to swop roles, so the number 2s speak, and the number 1s listen.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->The first sentence is: When I think about climate change, the feelings that I have are....
At the end, encourage people to reflect on and share their own (not their partners) experience.
Hints – try this out on a small group before you do a larger group, and choose some sentences that are appropriate for your meeting. About 1 ½ minutes per sentence is normally ample, so if you’re doing three sentences, the exercise will take around 10 minutes for both partners to have a chance of speaking and listening.
Some sentences you could use:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->When I think about climate change, the feelings that I have are....
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Something positive I’ve heard about climate change is.....
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Things that I could do to take action on climate change include.....
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->The support I would need to take action on climate change are.....
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Poetry and Pictures
Try reading some climate change related poetry out at events / including it in talks. It changes the atmosphere, and gives people a chance to engage with how they feel.
If you’d like to incorporate an element of deeper emotional exploration into your work, it’s worth taking half or whole day. There are experienced facilitators of ‘The Work that Reconnects’ that can be accessed here: http://www.joannamacy.net/theworkthatreconnects.html , to contact some Oxford based facilitators, contact email@example.com
Transition Towns Heart and Soul groups
The Transition Towns movement is bringing an awareness of the emotional dimension of this work through their ‘Heart and Soul’ groups, which allow a space and process to acknowledge and process the emotions that arise, including everything from dealing with the information to the frustrations experienced at the pace of change . In Totnes, the ‘Heart and Soul’ group is exploring ways to support and inspire us through these challenging and exciting times’. See full information and examples of meetings here: http://totnes.transitionnetwork.org/heartandsoul/home
Table 9: Resources for ‘ feeling under the weather’
An overview of her work, with plenty of links and resources: Book: ‘Coming back to Life: Practices to Reconnect Our Lives, Our World’ (NSP, 1998) The Greatest Danger (article from Yes Magazine): http://www.yesmagazine.org/article.asp?id=2295
Chris Johnstone www.chrisjohnstone.info including details of his articles and newly updated book: ‘Find Your Power’
The Great Turning Times Website www.greatturningtimes.org with listings of The Work that Reconnects events / trainings / workshops across the UK.
3.1 Home Energy reduction
Home Energy is an area people like to focus on for many reasons:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Homeowners have a degree of control over their energy
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->They can save money through energy efficiency
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->People in rented sector can also save money and take action on home energy
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->There are many tools and resources to help you take action in this area.
Below is a table giving a national average breakdown of household and individual CO2 emissions by activity area, which gives you an overview and benchmark. For a more useful comparison, you’ll need to input more details into a carbon calculator, which will all have different parameters. For the purpose of this pack we’ve tried to consistently use the Act on CO2 Calculator Version 2.0: Data, Methodology and Assumptions Paper (DECC 2009).
Table 10: National Average breakdown of household and individual CO2 emissions by activity area . Source: Act on CO2 Calculator Version 2.0: Data, Methodology and Assumptions Paper (DECC 2009), p 46 July 2009.
When aiming to reduce energy consumption in the home, it’s important to focus on the big wins. The chart below shows the importance of focusing on space / room and water heating in the home – which is why insulation, energy efficiency and having an efficient boiler is so important.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Where energy is used in the home:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Nearly 2/3 of domestic energy is used on space heating in the home
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Nearly 1/4 of domestic energy used for heating water
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Lights and appliances moderately small, but rising rapidly (digital etc.)
Where energy is lost from a typical home:
| || || |
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Measuring - How much energy are people using?
Get people measuring their energy consumption. A host of tools are available for this, see Table 11 below. Research has shown that simply providing feedback about energy consumption leads to a reduction of between 5-15% of energy consumption<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[v]<!--[endif]-->.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Energy monitors and management tools
Energy monitors give you a real time display of the energy you’re currently using, and how much it’s costing. They’re simple to fit, so it’s worth getting one and using it for a while, then passing on to friends and neighbours and comparing results. Do check your energy supplier to see if you’re eligible for a free one by switching to a green tariff. ClimateXchange has a small number that can be borrowed, or you can buy them from electrical stores (eg: Maplin), borrow them from West Oxfordshire District Council, or other CAGS .
Single appliance monitors can be a useful way of finding out how much energy single appliances use over time. They retail from between £7-£20. ClimateXchange has a small supply which can be borrowed.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Carbon Foot-printing calculators
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->There are many varieties of foot-printing calculators available, most of which give you an approximate idea of your household’s energy use, in the home and through travel, at a certain point in time. Many different versions of carbon calculators exist and so it’s worth finding out what’s actually being measured, what’s being left out, and the assumptions used. This can be the basis of an evening event where people bring details of their fuel bills and transport, or can be an ongoing community engagement programme.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Online energy management
Online energy management tools rely on you inputting meter readings, and receiving detailed feedback about your energy use over time. See Table 12 for details.
Energy Monitoring and Energy Surveys
Community led monitoring schemes are a good way of engaging people with energy and encouraging team effort. Many groups across the county have done community focused energy monitoring.
Example: Challenge North Leigh monitored their energy through collecting meter readings in the community and working with local energy provider Scottish and Southern Energy. They were able to achieve an overall reduction across the village of 10%, resulting in a £20,000 award towards renewable energy for the village. Going into the school and encouraging children to monitor really helped increase the numbers of household monitoring their energy, alongside community engagement such as giving away energy-efficient lightbulbs, village fetes, and a display in the Memorial Hall showing how much energy the village is using, with advice on cutting consumption. See their website here: http://www.challengenorthleigh.org/ and a slideshow of their activities here: http://tiny.cc/5xptg .
Table 11: Resources - Paper and web based Carbon Footprinting Calculators
COIN’s carbon calculator
A hardcopy calculator that can be printed out and distributed in workshops and similar events for participants to measure their carbon footprints there and then.
ClimateXchange Home and transport Calculator
email firstname.lastname@example.org for a copy
A spreadsheet calculator that you can adapt for your group, dealing with home energy use and travel. Can also be printed out and worked through on paper.
Tina Fawcett’s Low Carbon Headington Calculator
email email@example.com for a copy
A hard copy calculator for home energy and travel use
Low Carbon West Oxford’s Quicksilver Calculator www.lowcarbonwestoxford.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=73&Itemid=174
Detailed carbon calculator, covering home, transport and lifestyle choices over the past 12 months. The Quicksilver Calculator builds up a comprehensive picture of your household’s annual carbon footprint.
Energy Saving Trust Community Carbon Footprint Tool
The Green Communities carbon footprint tool allows groups of individuals measure their carbon emissions and workout their community carbon footprint. Local businesses and community buildings in your community can also calculate their carbon footprint.
How to get the most out of community carbon footprinting
Background for creating a community carbon footprint
Act on Co2: Defra’s calculator
Great online calculator, with email updates.
Online carbon management tool from Environmental Change Institute, with useful email updates for users.
The Carbon Account http://www.thecarbonaccount.com/
The Carbon Account is an online monitoring tool from local company Torchbox . You can form clubs on these accounts, and compare energy usage over time.
Making energy visible: Thermal Imaging Studies
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Many communities have done a thermal imaging study of homes in the community. This can be a useful tool to make energy visible to householders, and can be a start of greater engagement in home energy reduction. See Appendix 4 for conclusions from the Brightwell cum Sotwell Environment Group’s Thermal Imaging study. Additionally, Blewbury Energy Initiative (now Sustainable Blewbury) has done home energy surveys, providing home energy reports and Thermal Imaging Studies of houses and properties in the village.
Thermal imaging can only be done at certain times of year (ideally November through to February/March) and in certain conditions, and if doing it yourself you’ll need to get some training in using and interpreting the pictures that are taken. Communities in South Oxfordshire, Vale of the White Horse and Cherwell Districts can borrow thermal imaging cameras from their local authorities (see section 6, resources) but you’ll need to book your place, and ensure that your group undertakes training in using it.
Alternatively commercial companies offer the service from around £100 - £150 per property, which includes a report. See the Oxfordshire Eco-renovation Directory for companies who provide this service: www.climatex.org .
3.2 Eco-renovation and energy efficiency
Home renovation – where to start? Who to trust? What to do? Many people are attracted by the idea of a greener and more energy efficient home, and one of the best ways of doing this is by demonstrating it.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Talks
A great way of introducing the topic of home eco-renovation is to ask someone who has done it themselves to give a talk. ClimateX has contacts with people who have eco-renovated their home and who would be able to give an illustrated talk about what they did, the suppliers they used, what they learnt, and the advice they’d give for people contemplating similar actions. Similarly it’s well worth asking Eco-renovation suppliers and professionals to give a talk. You can find listings in the Oxfordshire Eco-renovation Directory. ( http://climatex.org/ecorenovation/)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Open Homes Days
These events are very popular, and consist of people who have renovated their homes opening them up for people to visit. ClimateXchange and COIN have organised 3 successful county wide events, so have experiences to share. You could take part in an annual Heritage Open Days event (usually mid September) http://www.heritageopendays.org.uk/organisers/, and do liaise with the Sustainable Energy Academy’s Old Home Super Home Network - http://www.sustainable-energyacademy.org.uk/
If you’re thinking of organising a local Open Days event, COIN and ClimateXchange have produced a ‘How to do it’ pack, which you can download here: http://www.coinet.org.uk/what-we-do/ecovation
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Example: Faringdon organised an ‘Eco-trail’ as part of their Green Week, and other groups have organised smaller events such as Energy Trails, Eco-Safaris, or smaller Open Homes events.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Micro-generation Suppliers at your event
Why not contact local suppliers of insulation, energy efficiency or micro-generation such as solar PV or solar hot water, and ask them if they’d like to exhibit. See table 13 for lists of suppliers.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->
3.3 Innovative waste reduction
Waste and re-use are important parts of the climate challenge. Many groups are tackling waste head on and organising an imaginative range of events, which can also be a great way of involving more members of your community. Table 14 shows examples of a range of waste reduction activities; table 15 is a case Study of Dorchester Carbon project’s activities, whilst table 16 contains some handy resources for waste reduction.
Table 13: Examples of Community Waste Reduction Initiatives
Eco Detergent refilling station
This is an opportunity to refill empty bottles with environmentally-friendly household cleaning products, thereby reducing packaging and saving money. Dorchester Carbon Project open twice a week and also use the station as an information point, and to collect items recyclables that are not collected at the kerb-side
Food waste events
Many CAG members have been trained by Love Food Hate Waste experts giving them the facts on how much food is wasted and ways to use-up leftovers. More details of the Love Food Hate Waste initiative via www.oxfordshirewaste.gov.uk.
Gardening and composting
Many CAG members are also Master Composters (www.homecomposting.org.uk) and take a keen interest in producing home grown food. Home composting should be the first choice for anyone with food waste even as Oxfordshire’s local authorities bring in food waste collections across the county during 2010.
While food waste collection schemes can be successful, it is important to remember that composting suitable food waste at home is even better for the environment. Not all food waste can go into a home compost bin (meat, fish, dairy and cooked foods), but items like vegetable peelings, apple cores and eggshells make great compost when mixed with things like twigs, cardboard and grass cuttings. In small spaces, such as flats and boats, it is useful to have a compact worker for reducing food waste. For details of how to build your own, visit: http://www.cagoxfordshire.org.uk/component/remository/Information-Sheets/
Charlbury Area Waste Action Group started their share cropping scheme in 2008. This involved linking people in the village who had either spare land or fruit trees with others who were prepared to work the land or pick the fruit. The group also encourages purchasing of local foods at farmers markets, etc and actively also work with their local Cooperative store to encourage local purchasing.
Many groups also give demonstrations on how to use up gluts of fruits and vegetables by teaching the lost arts of juicing or making preserves and jams.
‘How to ..’ –talks
These are events that give people practical advice and skills, and consequently attract many different people depending on the theme. This works to increase group membership and also engage non-‘greenies’. See ‘How to’ case study in section 2.4 .
Guides to reduction and recycling
Several groups have made their own guide to local recycling and waste reduction to help residents understand what they can and cannot recycle or how they can reduce waste in other ways. Details on recycling can be found on the Oxfordshire Waste Partnership’s website.
Swap shops are an easy and fun way to engage people in waste reduction and reuse. The idea is that people bring unwanted but usable items and can take other items in return. You don’t need to bring anything in order to take something and vice versa. A guide which gives you everything you need to know about holding a swap shop can be found on the CAG website: http://www.cagoxfordshire.org.uk/component/remository/Information-Sheets/
The art of swishing involves getting your friends together for a clothes swap. This is best done with a group of friends, ideally of similar size. Everybody attending should bring at least one items of good quality clothing or an accessory that she would feel proud of but want to pass on. Making it into a party and trying on each other’s clothing can be a fun way to help reduce waste.
CASE STUDY 2: Dorchester Carbon Project
Dorchester Carbon Project is a relatively new CAG, joining the network in October 2007. The group is made up from the 1000 residents from the parish of Dorchester-on-Thames, a community with around 450 households.
Aims of the Group
The aim of the Dorchester Carbon Project is to provide easy ways for the community to live a lifestyle less damaging to the environment by providing information, events and facilities on the doorstop.
Their launch event was a swap shop which also had a range of eco stalls, demonstrating reduced energy light bulbs, real nappies and lots of ways to get involved and reduce waste. A member of the group attended a Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) workshop so that they are qualified to undertake PAT testing at swap shops so that small electrical items can be passed on for reuse and not simply recycled.
Refill & Recycling Station
The group have an established Refill & Recycling Station held weekly in the village hall. Bottles of household cleaning products such as washing up liquid and laundry liquid can be refilled and items are collected for recycling which cannot go in the council bin such as printer cartridges, light bulbs, batteries etc.
Plastic bags free village
In their bid to rid the village of plastic bags, they worked with the local school, St Birinus Primary to produce a design for a sturdy reusable bag. Once the bag had been produced DCP undertook a “door stepping” campaign to ask each household to undertake a small change. They worked with the retailers in the village to support the initiative and are now pleased that they have rid the village of plastic bags.
Zero Waste Place
In November 2009, Dorchester-on-Thames Carbon Project (DCP), in partnership with the Community Action Group Project, Oxfordshire County Council and Oxfordshire Waste Partnership were successful in their bid for Defra’s Towards Zero Waste Places funding aimed at innovative projects that would help reduce waste.
Waste reduction in the school
The DCP worked alongside pupils, teachers, parents and governors to reduce waste in the following areas:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Food waste. A “Scotspin Compost Tumbler” and “Hot Box” were installed to compost all food waste to make compost for the school garden.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Paper Towels. Dyson Air Blade Hand Dryers were installed to reduce the 95,000 paper towels being sent to landfill every year.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Paper. Each classroom has a paper tray and the children are encouraged to use both sides of the paper before putting in the recycling bin.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Packaging in Lunch Boxes. The children did a waste audit of the types of packaging in their lunch boxes and took part in a workshop. The introduction of a school drinks bottle will reduce the tetrapak and other non re-usable drink containers.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->More items for recycling. The support of the District Council has allowed a wider range of materials to go for recycling.
Waste reduction in the community
The DCP held “back to basic” workshops designed to get people using the things they have and reducing what they buy new. These included “Basic Sewing and Mending”, “Cooking with Leftovers” and “Natural Cleaning for Body and Home.”
Other areas include promoting real nappy schemes, setting up a village re-use and swapping website, ridding the village of junk mail and getting the local businesses on board by offering them waste audits and help to reduce their waste. They have also staged some thought provoking film nights and organised several successful “recycling swap shops”.
Laura Bristow, DCP secretary, said “The funding has been a huge boost to our project and will help us to work with the entire village. We want to show people that reducing waste doesn’t need to be a chore but can also be really fun and save money at the same time!”
Zero Waste Place Standard
In April 2010 Dorchester-on-Thames was awarded the ‘Zero Waste Place’ standard by Defra, following a series of initiatives led by the Dorchester Carbon Project. ‘Zero Waste’ is considered to be a simple way of encapsulating the aim of going as far as possible in reducing the environmental impact of waste. It is a visionary goal which seeks to prevent waste occurring, conserve resources and recover all value from materials. More details at www.cagoxfordshire.or.uk/cags/167-towards-zero-waste-places and www.lga.gov.uk/lga/core/page.do?pageId=4684811
Table 14: Waste resources
Northmoor Trust's Wild Waste Show and Bus:
The wild waste bus ...comes into town to help drive your rubbish down!
The Wild Waste Show is a free roadshow visiting schools and community groups. Our aim is to raise awareness of the problems caused by waste.
Our imaginative workshops can make a difference to:
our future resources
our throw-away society and our attitudes to waste
Retrader is a new free website service that provides businesses and other organizations with an innovative waste management resource.
Community Waste and Recycling Guide
Community waste and recycling <!--[if !supportNestedAnchors]--><!--[endif]-->
EST Guide for:
* Individuals considering setting up a group to tackle the need for waste reduction in their community.
* Community environmental groups who wish to use waste reduction as a way of engaging the general public.
* Existing community waste reduction groups who wish to expand into other areas.
* Projects already working with people with specific needs such as learning difficulties or social exclusion.
3.4 Micro hydro projects
Oxfordshire has an abundance of Rivers, mills and mill races, and many groups are working towards micro-hydro schemes in their local area.
Two schemes that are at an advanced stage are at Osney Weir, by Low Carbon West Oxford, and at the Goring Lock and Weir by the Goring and Streatley Sustainability Group. Abingdon Carbon Cutters also have plans to install micro-hydro at the Weir in Abingdon.
Case study 3: Goring & Streatley Sustainability Group (GSSG)
Contact: Dave Holt: 0776 570 4959 ww.gssg.org.uk
- Formed in 2006 with the aim of making Goring & Streatley more sustainable -
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->That is: To live such that we do not compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Advance the education of parishioners to conserve more, use less energy, throw away less and pollute less
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Produce clean electricity from the river Thames
- The scheme aims to extract energy from the river and turn it into 250 Kilowatts of electricity to feed a local business and the national grid => street lights, freezers, fridges etc.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Equivalent to the average electricity consumption over 24 hours of 500 homes
- Idea raised with the Goring Parish Council (GPC) in October 2005
- Feasibility Study - completed July 2006
- Outline Design Study - completed March 2008
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Defined type, number, exact location and size of turbines, identified potential suppliers and provided detailed cost estimates - £1.066M - and financial return - £130,000 per annum at today’s prices
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Environmental Survey complete. Began June 2008.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Look for protected species, invertebrates; river corridor sampling above and below weirs; landscape and visual survey; produce report
Process and learnings:
- All projects need a champion
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->I got early support from Goring Parish Council and SODC, then the Village Planning and Amenities Association, then Streatley Parish Council
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->I met with the Environment Agency early on to sound out their views
<!--[if !supportLists]-->– <!--[endif]-->Keep people informed - there has been just one dissenting voice across both parishes
- Use local environment and sustainability consultancies – I made early contact with Ian Bacon, then of Thames Valley Energy (TVE) – who usually give free advice when contemplating such ventures
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Trawl the Internet for similar projects in the UK and elsewhere. There’s every likelihood that a project is underway somewhere else
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->Be active in the community. We have run public events in the Village Hall to screen films, promoted car sharing, organized local organic ‘Food Fests’, are campaigning for allotments, and have performed a thermal imaging audit on 36 homes and a pub
<!--[if !supportLists]-->§ <!--[endif]-->All this encourages Sustainable Development Funds - administered by the AONBs - to support with funding
The Hydro project was instrumental in Goring winning both the South England and Oxfordshire Village of the Year competitions, being awarded the Sustainability Prize on both occasions http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/oxfordshire/8144374.stm
Good hydropower contacts:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->MannPower for Rehart firstname.lastname@example.org
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Brendan Barrow for Rita-Atro email@example.com (Also performs a pre-feasibility study just for expenses and fuel )
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Neil Hindle for Spaans-Babcock firstname.lastname@example.org
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Ian Bacon - independent consultant Ian.Bacon@BlewburtonPartners.com
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Andrew Wybrow - Anser Project Management Andrew.Wybrow@Anser.co.uk
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->See the GSSG presentation<!--[if !supportNestedAnchors]--><!--[endif]--> from the 2009 Big Climate Event
Table 15: Further resources for Hydropower
The River and Rowing museum in Henley has run workshops and seminars on Micro hydro projects: http://www.rrm.co.uk/
British Hydro power Association: A GUIDE TO UK MINI-HYDRO DEVELOPMENTS
3.5 Local foods
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Food accounts for at least a fifth of UK greenhouse gas emissions (Source: Local Food and Climate Change, LFCC report). However, the relationship between food and climate change is more complex than simply calculating ‘food miles’ - the distance that the food has travelled. As the LFCC report mentions, ‘what you eat is more important to the climate than where your food has come from’ , and advocates ‘comprehensive lifecycle assessments which take account of the impact of all stages of the supply chain, from agricultural production through to processing, packaging, transport, retailing, home storage and preparation, and final disposal’.
Diagram source: Local food and Climate Change Report
The good news is that community food enterprises are flourishing, offer a great way to engage and involve the local community, and offer a range of positive social and economic benefits alongside <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->their contribution to reducing climate change.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Activities: Seasonal recipes Calendar
Low Carbon West Oxford produced a seasonal recipes calendar, giving info about food and climate change, whilst promoting local produce.
Case Study 4 : Apple Days in Brightwell cum Sotwell
Alison Bloomfield writes: “Our first Brightwell-cum-Sotwell Apple Day (2009) at in proved to be very popular. The Red Lion pub garden was transformed into an orchard market. Along with many villagers, there were visitors from Wallingford, Didcot, Abingdon and local villages, as well as apple enthusiasts from as far away as Oxford, Thame, Henley and even Maidenhead.
The main comment from visitors was how amazed they were to see so much fruit and have a chance to taste so many apples they hadn’t even heard of. All were very impressed with our village juice and there was much discussion and debate about the five different blends available; all 100 bottles sold out.
We started this project because we wanted to take an opportunity to showcase the village fruit, press some juice for people to try and celebrate the impressive number of varieties we have in the village. So far we have discovered 43 varieties of apple.
For more information about the history of Apple Day go to the Commonground website – www.commonground.org.uk”
Case Study 5: Charlbury Sharecroppers:
In June 2008, Charlbury Area Waste Action Group (CAWAG) launched Charlbury Sharecroppers to help put people in touch with each other so that locally grown food does not go to waste and so that as many local people as possible can be involved with growing, picking and eating fresh, healthy food. www.cwag.org.uk .
In 2008 they held four Big Apple Take-Aways on the Playing Close on Sunday afternoons between 14 September and 2 November - they were a great success. Well over a tonne of apples were redistributed and hundreds of people came along to enjoy the harvest, taste the apples and take away as many away as they wanted.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->
Table 16: Food and suppliers resources
Berks, Buck s and Oxon Food group
For full details of local farmers markets, organic produce and veg box schemes, events, info and more. Contact Tamara Schiopu, Manager BBO Food Group email@example.com
Thames Valley Farmers Market Co-operative
TVFM run markets in towns across Berkshire, Oxfordshire and south Buckinghamshire, bringing local food to local people.
Big Barn helps you buy local, seasonal, fresh food - and saves you money. Find local food by entering your post code or place name.
Oxfordshire Waste Partnership (local Love Food / Hate Waste)
Paul Mocroft: Paul.Mocroft@Cherwell-DC.gov.uk
One stop shop for resource efficiency
WRAP workshops: Food waste and using leftovers, buying right quantities / portion size, general food info: Emma Barnett at WRAP Emma.Barnett@wrap.org.uk
Oxford Permaculture Group
Permaculture is an approach to designing human settlements and perennial agricultural systems that mimics the relationships found in natural ecologies. The Oxford group has regular activities and workshops.
Barracks Lane Community Garden
Barracks Lane Community Garden has been transformed by local effort from a toxic waste-filled old garage site into a beautiful garden. The project is a registered charity managed by the local community.
Workshops from the Oxford Garden Project
Robert Longstaff regularly runs workshops on growing food in small containers, comporting, growing with minimum input, etc. There has always been very good feedback from Robert's workshops. firstname.lastname@example.org
Resource: Making Local Food Work
Great resource and downloadable info pack and report ‘Local Food and Climate Change’
Report: Eating Oil – Food in a changing Climate
God overall report written in 2001 examining the petroleum dependence of the food industry.
3.6 Transport and travel
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Nationally - Transport is the source of 25% the UK’s carbon dioxide emissions<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[vi]<!--[endif]--> . Large CO2 reductions from transport are possible, but only with real and early change in transport behaviour. This means switching modes from energy intensive travel, such as single occupancy car use and heavy air miles, to less carbon intensive forms, such as car sharing, public transport, walking and cycling. As the diagram below shows<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[vii]<!--[endif]--> , private motor transport is the dominant source of the transport sector CO2 emissions.
Who travels in Oxfordshire?
There is a clear correlation between the level of disposable income and distances travelled. Put simply, people with higher incomes are responsible for more transport carbon dioxide emissions. Research at the Environmental Change Institute<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[viii]<!--[endif]--> (ECI) showed that
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->The top 10% of emitters are responsible for 43% of emissions and the bottom 10% for only 1%, with those in the top 10% flying 5 times more than the sample average.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->A total of 61% of emissions were produced from respondents in the highest emissions quintile (20%).
Around 3,500 households in Oxfordshire don’t have a car<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[ix]<!--[endif]-->, so addressing transport goes side by side with addressing exclusion and isolation.
Similarly, addressing air travel is not about stopping less affluent people flying. Recent research (Predict and Decide<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[x]<!--[endif]-->) showed that ‘much of the recent expansion in flying has occurred because better off people are flying more often’.
We are reaching the end of the era of cheap oil, and rises in oil prices will have a large impact on transport as the UK is heavily dependent on oil for its transport. 74% of UK oil consumption is used for transport, and 98% of fuel used for transport is based on oil.
Table 17: Transport and Travel Activities
See below and section 3.1 for the carbon calculators, which will allow you to work out the emissions from personal travel
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Groups have organised family friendly cycling events . Abingdon Carbon Cutters’ Freewheeling event is promoted for Bike Week: ‘Freewheeling is a unique cycling event for all, to promote cycling for health, fun, the environment, and just a great way to tour around the beautiful countryside surrounding Abingdon.’
Joining (or forming) a car club instead of running your own car, is a big step towards improving your environmental footprint. One car club car can replace between 10 and 20 private cars, meaning less traffic and more free parking spaces. You can cut your contribution to congestion, pollution and the clutter on your street. Oxford has two car clubs:
East Oxford: OxCar
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->A group of residents in East Oxford decided to form a car club, as a practical response to crowded streets, and a desire to reduce car usage. They have used Commonwheels: http://www.commonwheels.org.uk/
Low Carbon West Oxford: Streetcar
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->During 2009, LCWO helped set up a local StreetCar (http://www.streetcar.co.uk/) scheme which now has two cars . 170 people have become members of the scheme and at least three families have given up owning a car as a result. It is estimated that membership of Streetcar reduces car travel by 20%.
4. SPECIFIC SECTORS
It’s recognised that climate change communication and engagement has tended to attract a fairly narrow range of people, thus there is a great opportunity to broaden the reach, appeal and engagement to a broader sector of society. Here are some ideas for specific communities of interest, through faith groups, schools, businesses and campaigning groups.
4.1 Faith groups
Faith groups can play an important role in tackling climate change, and many faith groups are already taking action in Oxfordshire. Below we outline some of the sources and ideas for activities.
Diocese of Oxford
As part of the Living Faith vision the Diocese of Oxford wants to see the integration of an active concern for the environment and climate change into the life and mission of the whole diocese and its churches, and, thereby, affirm their commitment to the Fifth Mark of Mission: ‘To strive to safeguard the integrity of creation and sustain and renew the life of the earth’. The Oxford Diocese Environment Group (ODEG), which is an active group of volunteers who meet regularly and have established environmental issues within the diocese. Further information: http://www.oxford.anglican.org/environment/.
Initiatives within the Oxford Diocese is being encouraged through the collaborative website ‘Earthing Faith’: www.earthingfaith.org which aims to ‘provide a space to share ideas and experiences around the environment’ and ‘spark ideas and connect you with other peoples experiences and stories’. It is a space to share ideas and experiences, and you’ll find lots resources and actions, along with case studies of what people are doing. Visit www.earthingfaith.org where you can subscribe to stay up to date.
Table 19: Faith and Climate Change Activities
Living Green Experience
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->St Margaret’s church in North Oxford ran a ‘Living Green Experience’ event in 2007, with films screenings, an eco-fair, activities and practical action for a greener community.
Lewknor Chiltern Gateway
The primary aim of the project is to help the community understand better by personal experience and involvement the concept of God as Creator and its relevance to their day to day lives. Regular events are organised, including conservation tasks, talks, and activities such as dawn chorus walks, and film screening, such as ‘An Inconvenient Truth’. Further info: http://www.arocha.org/gb-en/whatwedo/projects/chilterngateway.html
St Columbas United Reform Church
St Columbas have recently screened Age of Stupid, and run a carbon foot-printing session, as a first step to considering further action.
St Mary and St John Cowley
Local EcoCongregation Award winners
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->
Table 20: Faith Based Resources
Christian Concern for One World (CCOW)
A very helpful place for people to start is the ecumenical website of CCOW. Climate change is one of the tabs under ‘What we work on’ which that takes you to There are then 6 sections, one of which is www.ccow.org.uk/what_can_i_do/what_can_i_my_church_do which has an attachment that can be downloaded entitled ‘Church Action.pdf’. This includes auditing, energy reduction, energy suppliers, heating and insulation, transport, carbon footprints, carbon offsetting, recycling. Included are links to organisations such as Shrinking the Footprint, Christian Ecology Link, and Eco-congregation. A longer list of Christian organisations working on climate change is given in the campaigns section.
‘Finding out more’ (www.ccow.org.uk/more_information) has an attachment on Liturgical resources that gives another comprehensive list of Christian organisations. Much of this material is taken from an action kit for churches entitled ‘Walking More Lightly’ by Anne Martin. We are grateful to Anne for permission to use this material. The full resource, including a CD with a powerpoint presentation, may be purchased for £4 directly from Anne Martin (email@example.com)’
Churches Together in Britain and Ireland (CTBI)
CTBI has material on Environment and Climate Change – see www.ctbi.org.uk/10/ . They include very extensive prayers and worship material for ‘Creation Time’ (1 September – 4 October) at www.ctbi.org.uk/BAB/295. There is a very extensive list of organisations involved in environment and climate change issues on the CTBI website : www.ctbi.org.uk/BAA/67 . Importantly this includes faith organisations other than Christian.
Climate Justice Fund www.climatejusticefund.org
The Church of England in partnership with Tearfund have set up a ‘Climate Justice’ fund, which is being actively promoted within the Diocese.
The Alliance of Religions and Conservation
This organisation has encouraged faith communities to develop 7 year plans to protect the living planet.
Wisdom in Nature www.wisdominnature.org.uk
Wisdom In Nature (formerly The London Islamic Network for the Environment LINE) is a pioneer of local Islamic ecological activism in the UK, and has a presence in both London & Brighton
‘A Muslim Green Guide to Reducing Climate Change’ www.ifees.org.uk
This guide can be downloaded from the website of the Islamic Foundation for Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
The Big Green Jewish tops tips
The Big Green Jewish Website is a resource for Jewish people. It is the on-line meeting point between Jewish and environmental ethics, with ideas and links for information, events, actions and resources.
Shrinking the Footprint
The Church Of England’s national environmental campaign. It aims to challenge, encourage and support the whole body of the Church to shrink our environmental footprint.
The Akashi Project www.akashi.org.uk
Details about the Akashi Project, (part of Cambridge Carbon Footprint) which aimed to bring more people into the discussion about climate change, working through ethnic community networks, as well as faith communities in churches, mosques, temples and meditation centres.
Network of Engaged Buddhists
Engaged Buddhism views the transformation of self and the transformation of the world as indivisible. Website with links to activities of network and information.
Faith and Climate Change Project http://faithandclimatechange.wordpress.com/
Birmingham Friends of the Earth have a neat website about their faith and climate change project, with some examples of good practice from places of worship, community groups and individuals.
Operation Noah: http://www.operationnoah.org/
Operation Noah is informed by the science of climate change, motivated by our faith to care for creation and driven by the hope that our society can be transformed and enriched through radical change in lifestyles and patterns of consumption. Their website is packed with useful and up to date information.
Eco-congregation is a tool to help churches begin to address environmental issues in all that they do. It is suitable for all kinds of churches to use. Churches are encouraged to use the resources provided and apply for the Eco-congregation award
Schools in Oxfordshire are well served by some existing organisations that can provide free workshops and events for your school. At time of writing, 254 schools in Oxfordshire are part of the Eco-schools programme. See the resources below for ideas. In addition many schools (such as Matthew Arnold in Cumnor and Wolvercote Primary School ) have solar panels on their roofs, demonstrating renewable energy in action.
Case Study 6: The CIAO! Ark
‘If you were sailing away on an ark to a low carbon future, what would you save and what would you leave behind?’
The CIAO! Ark Project worked with 10 schools in Oxfordshire in 2010, linking schools with scientists and artists, and culminating in a CIAO Ark Festival in front of the Natural History Museum in Oxford.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Children from participating schools worked with specialist scientists to explore all facets of low carbon living and the ways that these will impact on and influence our lives. They then worked with professional artists to express what they have learned creatively, celebrating the beauty of the natural world and demonstrating their understanding of the choices we are all being asked to make in response to climate change. For inspiring ideas of activities for schools, see the CIAO! Website: http://www.ciaofestival.org.uk/index.php/ciao_website/schools_project/
Table 21: Resources for Schools
Northmoor Trust’s Energy Busters and Energy Bus
http://www.northmoortrust.co.uk/home/learning/energy-busters <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->
Reduce your school's carbon footprint with help from the Energy Busters! Book an Energy Bus visit for your school.
The aim of the Energy Busters school visits is to get children and teachers enthused about saving energy in their school through exciting workshops involving practical experimentation. They then re-visit the school to ensure that the message hasn't been forgotten a few months down the line and provide support to the school eco groups.
The new Energy Bus is fitted with solar panels, a wind turbine and interactive displays is now available to visit schools across Oxfordshire. The bus will help to raise awareness of Climate Change and to help children reduce their energy consumption at home and in school.
The Energy Bus is a joint partnership between the Northmoor Trust, Oxfordshire County Council and npower.
To book your visit from Energy Busters please contact Janet Payne on 01865 409406
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--> The bus is also available to visit community events showing how energy can be saved in the home and can even show films onboard using solar and wind power!
People and Planet
People & Planet is an Oxford based charity offering an unrivalled package of global issue workshops and support materials to schools and colleges. They are experts at communicating environmental and sustainability messages to 14 - 19 year olds and empowering students to make incredible changes.
"Excellent. Very dynamic - audience was engaged and interested in issues" Teacher, Woodhouse College
For schools or colleges in Oxfordshire they can provide interactive workshops to introduce the topic of climate change and inspire students to form a ‘Go Green’ action group to reduce their carbon footprints. They provide ongoing support to these groups to plan and undertake constructive actions to improve their schools and get tangible green results. From installing wind turbines, to cutting school's IT energy consumption or creating recycling schemes, People & Planet groups make a big difference.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Find out more on line, or contact Jamie Clarke on 01865 245678 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Our action guide and student made films can also be downloaded at:
Science Oxford has a range of events and resources aimed at Primary and Secondary schools, and students. See their website for further information, plus the award winning http://www.scienceoxfordonline.com/
National Organisation Supporting Schools to go green, with heaps of information, resources, and case studies and school searches.
4.3 Business and workplace
The business case for rising to the climate challenge, and considering climate change and resource depletion hand in hand is getting stronger and stronger, which can help enable links between community groups and local businesses.
Did you know that:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->8% of the average business turnover is spent on energy (carbon management can reduce this by up to 20%)?
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->75% of UK employees would prefer to work for a company with an active carbon reduction policy?
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->67% of consumers are more likely to buy a product with a low carbon footprint? (source The Carbon Trust).
Oxfordshire is home to many environmental businesses, many of whom are striving to show how economic success does not have to be at the expense of people, the environment or the climate. Local firms such as Best Foot Forward (one of Europe’s leading Sustainability Consultancies) and Seacourt Printers have won the Queens Award for Enterprise – Sustainable Development. Local businesses have a great opportunity to engage with energy and climate change through their activities, decreasing energy consumption, and encouraging colleagues in the workplace to take action on climate change, in turn boosting staff morale. Whether it’s encouraging greater staff / colleague engagement and action, or procuring greener products and services locally, you’ll find that Oxfordshire can deliver.
A recent report by Chatham House on SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SECURITY: Strategic risks and opportunities for business<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[xi]<!--[endif]--> listed the following as some key conclusions, which closely link energy security and a low carbon economy:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->“Energy security is now inseparable from the transition to a low-carbon economy and businesses plans should prepare for this new reality.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Traditional fossil fuel resources face serious supply constraints and an oil supply crunch is likely in the short-to-medium term with profound consequences for the way in which business functions today.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->Increasing energy costs as a result of reduced availability, higher global demand and carbon
pricing are best tackled in the short term by changes in practices or via the use of technology
to reduce energy consumption.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->· <!--[endif]-->The sooner that businesses reassess global supply chains and just-in-time models, and increase the resilience of their logistics against energy supply disruptions, the better.”
Table 22: Resources for Businesses and Workplace
Oxford is My World Business Pages
For a whole host of business and climate change related resources, take a look at the Oxford Is My World Business website
Green Breakfast series from Blake Lapthorn
Blake Lapthorn run a very successful series of business Green breakfasts in Oxford. You can access their archives and sign up for the Breakfasts mailing list here: www.bllaw.co.uk/services_for_businesses/climate_change.aspx and see their archives of events, with accompanying slideshows here: www.bllaw.co.uk/events/events_archive.aspx
Contact: Kelly Benfield, Marketing executive at Blake Lapthorn email@example.com or call 01865 253268
Environmental Information Exchange
EiE is a not-for-profit organisation that helps businesses and organisations reduce environmental impacts, from waste audits to workshops
The Carbon Trust
The Carbon Trust works with organisations to reduce carbon emissions and develop commercially viable low carbon technologies. Offer Free energy surveys for organisations with energy bills greater than £50,000 pa
For free, ongoing advice and support call their Customer Centre Open Monday to Friday, 9am to 5.30pm. Call 0800 085 2005
Targets smaller firms and start-ups (0 – 250 employees). 17 advisers carry out free visits and conduct small business reviews
0845 600 9 006
Climate Solidarity is a trade union response to climate change. It's about learning, working and acting together to help make the kind of society we want to live in, through action groups dealing with waste, food, travel, and home energy. To find out more visit the website.
The National Industrial Symbiosis Programme (NISP)
NISP is a great way to look at sourcing materials and disposing of waste through business-to-business services. It engages in a collective approach to competitive advantage involving the physical exchange of materials, energy, water and/or by-products. Visit their website for details of the South East Region activities.
Retrader is a brand new waste management option for Oxfordshire businesses. It’s a website that allows businesses and other organisations to pass on materials they no longer need and get pre-used materials from other businesses. There are a range of different categories of items and materials that can be exchanged, from batteries to paper and furniture to pallets. Offered by Oxfordshire Waste Partnership as a free service, similar services in the UK have saved regional businesses £1.5million on waste disposal/procurement. - giving others access to goods that would otherwise end up in Landfill.
A free online tool to:
· interact with your energy use
· Assess energy wastage in your buildings
· No prior energy management knowledge needed
Benefit from Oxford University Expertise: Our building energy research feeds directly into SMEasure to ensure we are giving the best information to businesses about energy savings potential.
SMEasure is the only free web-based energy monitoring solution offering this information to businesses.
Shared Energy Toolkit
The Shared Energy Toolkit illustrates the damage climate change has already caused and shows how different climate change scenarios could affect you and your organisation. The toolkit also gives ideas about how you can improve your organisation’s sustainability, and how to work with your local community to raise awareness and increase resilience.
Oxfordshire Town Chambers Network
Founded as a communications network for town chambers and similar business groups across Oxfordshire, OTCN also now incorporates business parks, shopping centres, events networks and other membership organisations.
Federation of Small Businesses
The Federation of Small Businesses is the UK's largest campaigning pressure group promoting and protecting the interests of the self-employed and owners of small firms. Worth contacting the local branches to link with other businesses who have taken resource efficiency steps.
Case Study 7: Smarter driving, Oxford City Council
Oxford City Council’s Plan ‘Getting our house in Order’ identified travel at work not only as a substantial source of carbon; 18% of the council’s total emissions (p7, available from www.oxford.gov.uk/PageRender/decER/Climate_Change_in_Oxford_occw.htm )
Oxford City Council achieved a 17% reduction in fuel use carbon reductions on their fleet vehicles by investing in Smart Driving Courses for their staff. Smarter driver training from the Energy Saving Trust helps teach your employees practical techniques, which can be undertaken with any of your drivers, whether or not they drive on company business.
This level of reduction would save the council an estimated £69,000 per yearand reduce carbon dioxide emissions by over 150 Tonnes per year. For a total investment of £5,000, the scheme had a simple payback of 4 weeks.
A key aspect that contributed to the success of the project was effective partnership working across the council, including the Energy and Climate Change Team (Environmental Development), Human Resources, Motor Transport and Oxford City Homes. This enabled the prompt implementation of the scheme and maximised fuel savings. It also served to demonstrate the commitment to carbon reduction that exists within the different areas of the organisation.
The Smarter Driving Schemes, This practical training session, run from your own premises by an approved driving instructor accredited by the Energy Saving Trust, is fun, informative - and could save your organisation £250 per driver on fuel bills (based on 12,000 miles per year). It takes less than an hour per driver too.
To find out how to set up smarter driving training for your staff contact the Energy Saving Trust on 0845 602 1425 or access: www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/smarterdriving
This handbook doesn’t currently include information about running more political campaigns, although we recognise that this is a valuable and important part of our response to climate change. Many local groups have a campaigning element to their work, allied to some of the major campaigning NGOs (non-governmental organisations). Here are some organisations that would be able to help:
Table 23: Local Climate change Campaigning Groups
Oxfordshire Climate Alliance:
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->To contact OCA email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Oxfordshire Climate Alliance has been established in order to share information and ideas between groups campaigning and raising awareness on climate change issues in Oxfordshire. It is formed of many local climate change groups.
OCA have organised successful high profile meetings such as ‘Ask the Climate Question’ for MPs in the run up to the 2010 elections, and a packed meeting with Ed Miliband in 2009.
Oxford Friends of the Earth is one of over 200 local groups affiliated to Friends of the Earth in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Actively campaigning on climate change issues.
Oxford Greenpeace meets on the first Thursday of the month, 7.30 at the Mitre, High street, Oxford. They regularly hold campaign events locally.
The Oxford WDM Group campaigns in Oxfordshire, lobbying MP’s, organising public meetings, undertaking street theatre/stunts and holding stalls to engage the public on development issues.
Oxfam local group
A long-established local volunteer group supporting Oxfam’s work overcoming poverty and suffering around the world, with about sixty members and a varied programme of events.
Thames Valley Climate Action
A collective taking and encouraging direct action across the Thames Valley to stop climate change.
5. Local and National networks
Many national organisations and networks can provide info, advice, resources and support. See their websites for details of events, particularly national meetings which are often a great way to meet other inspirational groups across the country.
Local Networks and Organisations
There are many organisations locally that can help you on your climate change journey. Below we’ve listed some of the better known ones, together with a brief description of what they do.
Table 24: LOCAL NETWORKS AND ORGANISATIONS
Name and Website
Can provide info, advice, and help for starting up new community groups, and put you in contact with other existing groups.
Oxfordshire Rural Community Council (ORCC)
Can provide info, advice, and help for starting up new community groups, and put you in contact with other existing groups.
Oxfordshire Community Action Groups (CAGs)
The Community Action Group Project is a large network of local voluntary groups in Oxfordshire. They provide day to day support for groups involved in organising events and initiatives to raise awareness and take action on climate change issues including waste reduction, promoting the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle), carbon reduction, sustainable transport, and food, energy and water issues to live a more sustainable and less resource dependent life in their local community.
Oxfordshire Association of Local Councils (OALC)
The OALC is part of a national network and has been representing Town & Parish Councils, and Parish Meetings for over sixty years. We provide advice and information for them, and training for councillors and clerks. We represent local council interests through partnerships with other local and regional agencies in the public, private and voluntary sectors.
The Northmoor Trust is based in South Oxfordshire and manages an estate of 300 hectares, including Little Wittenham Nature Reserve and Wittenham Clumps, a conservation farm, a woodland dedicated to forestry research and Project Timescape, the Trust's visitor centre. Also runs the popular Energy and Waste Buses and schools outreach projects.
Climate Outreach Information Network (COIN)
Climate Outreach and Information Network (COIN) is a local charity, with the aim of inspiring lasting changes in attitudes and behaviour through the use of innovative action learning methods and by assisting people to communicate their own messages to their peers. Mailing list and local events.
Environmental Information Exchange
EiE is a not-for-profit organisation that helps businesses and organisations reduce environmental impacts, from waste audits to workshops
Oxfordshire Nature Conservation Forum (ONCF)
Oxfordshire Nature Conservation Forum (ONCF) is a partnership organisation that has been working across the county for over 15 years. ONCF has over 40 member organisations, including the local Wildife Trust, RSPB, Natural England and FWAG as well as local authorities and community wildlife groups.
Oxfordshire Diocese Environment Group
Initiatives within the Oxford Diocese is being encouraged through the collaborative website ‘Earthing Faith’, which aims to ‘provide a space to share ideas and experiences around the environment’ and ‘spark ideas and connect you with other peoples experiences and stories.
Oxfordshire Federation of Women’s Institutes
Oxfordshire branches of the Women’s Institute, with over 65 local groups.
National Networks and organisations
The national networks below link you up with similar groups across the UK, and beyond. Many of them offer a framework for your groups’ engagement, and can provide materials and support.
TABLE 26: NATIONAL NETWORKS AND ORGANISATIONS
“Transition Network's role is to inspire, encourage, connect, support and train communities as they self-organise around the transition model, creating initiatives that rebuild resilience and reduce CO2 emissions.”
Low Carbon Communities Network
LCCN’s aim is to encourage the adoption of low carbon and zero carbon technologies and lifestyles at a community level, and to enable groups engaged in this to be as effective and efficient as possible. See website for newsletter subscription.
EST Greener Communities
Green Communities is a programme from the Energy Saving Trust that aims to support, facilitate and promote community based energy projects. From free training and advice focused on project planning and funding, to technical support and a website packed with resources - Green Communities exists to help you make a success of your ideas and projects.
The Greening Campaign is an innovative idea to help motivate people to reduce their energy consumption and therefore lower their personal and community carbon footprint.
Six meetings about carbon reduction & climate change. Small groups meet for two hours with trained facilitators, to explore issues around climate-change and personal carbon footprints.
Online networking site for community groups in the UK
Funding for your project can be essential, and sometimes more ambitious projects need large scale funding. Generating a sustainable source of income for your group can help your projects run more smoothly. Below you’ll find a list of some Grant making bodies that groups have used, plus a very helpful guide for affiliation schemes. If you know of more useful sources, please let us know.
If you’re a new community climate change group, ClimateXchange / ORCC has a small grants pot, but unfortunately does not have resources for other groups at present.
If you’re a registered Community Action Group, you will have access to a small grant to use for your group, contact CAGs directly www.cagoxfordshire.org.uk .
TABLE 27: FUNDING RESOURCES
Information and Website
EST Green Communities Funding Database
Searchable database of funding for a range of projects:
How to get funding for your community project
Background advice for seeking community level funding.
How To set up a social enterprise
The social enterprise model is an increasingly popular way to launch a sustainable energy scheme, or take an existing project to a new level.
Mid counties Co-operative
Provide grants of up to £250 to support local community groups and projects.
Awards for All
Awards for All England is a small grants scheme making awards of between £300 and £10,000.
The Awards for All programme aims to help improve local communities and the lives of people most in need.
The Funding Network
The Funding Network (TFN), founded in 2002, enables individuals to join together to fund social change projects. Look for Oxford under the TFN Groups: www.thefundingnetwork.org.uk
Oxfordshire Community and Voluntary Action (OCVA)
OCVA provide funding support and guidance at their many Information Points across the county, where you can also make a comprehensive search for funding using their ‘Funder Finder’ software. Most venues are by appointment only on specific days. To make an appointment to email email@example.com or call 01865 251946. www.oxnet.org.uk/information_points
Oxfordshire Stronger Communities Fund
New Community and Voluntary Sector Grant Programme
Grants of between £3,000 – £20,000 will shortly be available from the Fund for community and voluntary sector organisations with projects in Oxfordshire.
The Oxfordshire Stronger Communities Fund is due to be launched at the end of June. At that time, full eligibility criteria, plus information about how and when to apply through one of the four funding rounds, will be available from GrantScape on their website, or by telephoning 01908 247634 http://www.grantscape.org.uk/grantshome/applyforagrant/osca.htm
Oxfordshire Community Foundation
The Oxfordshire Community Foundation is a charity run by local people that makes grants to other voluntary groups across the county.
Environmental Funders Network
The Environmental Funders Network (EFN) is an informal network of trusts, foundations and individuals making grants on environmental and conservation issues, with a full list of trusts and foundations involved in environmental funding.
The Charity Bank is a bank that’s also a charity. That means it has a mission: to help charitable organisations transform people’s lives – and to do this by harnessing the nation’s wealth and using it to create a social return. It provides financial support and guidance to charities, social enterprises and community organisations. They do this thanks to the support of savers and investors who want to use their money to help charities change lives.
Case Study 8: Local Groups Financial Sustainability Plan
by Ramsay Dunning, Low Carbon Hook Norton
The plan developed by Hook Norton Low Carbon group provides an income for the group providing it with the resources and independence from grant funding or reliance on donations, to pursue its environmental agenda. The plan is quite simple.
Firstly by putting affiliations in place with a renewable energy provider and an ethically, socially and environmentally responsible telecoms provider, the group earns a commission on the electricity and telephones of its members.
In choosing an electricity provider they asked the three independent renewable suppliers for their proposals; Good Energy, Ecotricity and Green Energy UK. They found Good Energy would only pay a nominal one off commission when a householder switched to them and their prices are high; Ecotricity would pay 3% commission but their prices were high; Green energy UK would discount the electricity making it cheaper than brown supplies (electricity supplied by burning fossil fuels) and pay 5% commission. All were offering 100% renewable. This made it an easy decision; with Green Energy UK their members mostly save money as well.
The Phone Co-op is an ethical socially responsible organisation, whose prices are lower than BT (saving our members money) they have an excellent environmental record and offered 6% commission (except for line charges).
A community member with a typical electricity bill of £50 per month and telephone (including broadband) of £25 per month will earn the group £4 per month or £48 per year. So a hundred members gives an income of £4,800 p.a., and promoting in the wider community can share the savings and increase the income further; and they are both using 100% renewable electricity and saving themselves money at the same time.
To set up the same scheme in your own group is very simple. They started by switching half a dozen members initially, then they related back how easy it was to the wider group at the next meeting, and the group will then take it out to the wider community as part of their community engagement program this winter. For more on our two partners look at www.greenenergyuk.com and www.thephone.coop or one of their member’s own website www.ramsaydunning.co.uk
The next steps:
To set up the affiliation schemes send your details to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com . If you copy me at firstname.lastname@example.org in on the emails I will keep a register of affiliates which will increase our collective negotiating power in the future.
They will each give you prices etc and set up the affiliation
Then all you need to do is collect names addresses and emails and forward them on to your affiliation partners. They will collect the other details, and deal with Direct debit and bank details, and nobody will be switched over unless they give the go ahead. You are not switching people over, just collecting their details, with their permission, for your affiliation partners to talk to them, and switch them if they choose to go ahead.
The next step following the same principles is to negotiate discounts on other energy and energy efficiency products. If you have copied Ramsay in then he will send details of those schemes as they are set up.
Please don’t hesitate to come back to Ramsay with any questions or information experience you would like to share. He’s using his own website at present, but may transfer everything to a group website when one is set up. Please pass this on to other groups who may be interested, the more groups there are, the greater the negotiating power we will have.
This document was written by Ramsay Dunning on 18th October 2009
Contact details:- email@example.com web site www.ramsaydunning.co.uk
Tel 07896917404 or post Namaste, High Street, Hook Norton, OXON OX15 5NF.
6.2 Hardware – resources to borrow
Table 27: RESOURCES TO BORROW
Laptop, projector and speakers
Everything you need (apart from the screen) to screen DVDs to up to 30 people
See the DVD list below
Low Energy Light-bulb library
A briefcase full of a range of low energy light bulbs, plus descriptions and FAQs
Thermal Imaging Camera
Local community groups can borrow a thermal imaging camera from their local authority in the following areas
Posters – Oxfordshire from the Ground
A set of three themed posters from sizes A3 – A0 to borrow, show casing the range of activities and events in Oxfordshire. Themes: Communities, Businesses, Eco-renovation
2 Pull up CAG information banners
Easy to carry but more suited for inside events or those that have a sheltered location. Can be used singly or as a pair. Gives examples of what activities CAGs do
Equipment available for CAGs
If you are a CAG , check their toolkit for the available equipment such as banners, Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) units, and worksheets
<!--[if !supportLists]-->6.3 <!--[endif]-->Posters, information, web resources and local speakers
TABLE 28: FURTHER RESOURCES
Oxfordshire Climate Impact Posters, MPower Climate Science Posters can be accessed from:
Oxfordshire from the Ground Posters
Colourful series highlighting Oxfordshire’s talents in Community Groups, Homes and Businesses, available from A4 – A1 for your displays and info events. http://climatex.org/articles/Tools/oxfordshire-ground-posters/
ClimateXchange has a range of films you can borrow, as well as projection equipment. See the list below, or online at: http://climatex.org/articles/Tools/films-and-dvds/
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->An Inconvenient Truth (2006): Al Gore's passionate examination of climate change and the environment.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Power of Community (2005): When Cuba lost access to Soviet oil in the early 1990s, the country faced an immediate crisis - feeding the population - and an ongoing challenge: how to create a new low-energy society. More info: http://www.powerofcommunity.org/cm/index.php
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]--> <!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->In Transition 1.0: (2009) ‘In Transition’ is the first detailed film about the Transition movement filmed by those that know it best, those who are making it happen on the ground. The Transition movement is about communities around the world responding to peak oil and climate change with creativity, imagination and humour, and setting about rebuilding their local economies and communities. It is positive, solutions focused, viral and fun. http://transitionculture.org/in-transition/
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Sisters on the Planet (2009, Oxfam) – Four inspirational women and the fight against climate change More info: www.oxfam.org/sisters
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Farm for the Future: (2009) Rebecca Hosking’s programme shown on BBC2 , the programme looks at Rebecca’s father’s farm in Devon, and at her wanting to rethink the farm in the light of peak oil. See review: http://transitionculture.org/2009/02/23/a-farm-for-the-future-essential-viewing/
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Beyond the Tipping Point? (2010) This is a film about climate change and the ways we respond to it. Through the voices of 25 people from a variety of backgrounds and nationalities, it addresses a fundamental challenge for our time: how the future is imagined, and how this imagination shapes our actions in the present. http://beyondthetippingpoint.com/
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Age of Stupid (2008, Spanner Films) Arrange your own Indi screening of this and many other excellent films. Follow the Indie Screenings link from : http://www.ageofstupid.net/
Humour is a great way to introduce some lightness and accessibility to climate change.
<!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]-->Knickers - Lighten up you event or stall with our famous Knicker line – guaranteed to raise an eyebrow, a smile and some conversation points:
A good source of online cartoons can be found here: http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/directory/c/climate_change.asp Polyp Cartoons
Great range of political and environment related cartoons – see note on reproduction for non profits. www.polyp.org.uk/cartoons.html<!--[if !supportNestedAnchors]--><!--[endif]-->
Snakes and ladders: play climate change snakes and ladders on a giant Oxfordshire map! This is great for larger events, but needs someone to set up and monitor. Further details: http://climatex.org/articles/Tools/oxon-climate-map/
Two online games, the award winning Climate Challenge and Operation Climate Control brought to you by Oxford based Red Redemption:, available from: http://makesyouthink.net/
Oxford based Reachability has produced a range of materials, ideas for workshops and ways to engage groups of people as part of their Climate Reach project. Full details and info sheets are available here: http://reachability.co.uk/pages.lasso?pageId=16&page=prog
Activity: Climate Change Condensed
This is an interactive, fast-moving ‘all-you-need-to-know’ introduction to climate change in just three hours. Further details: COIN http://www.coinet.org.uk/ 01865 403334
Activity: Walking the Walk
Walking the Walk is a fun 20-30 minute group activity which enables participants to learn about the greenhouse gas emissions of the average UK resident. Free downloadable copy available from COIN: http://www.coinet.org.uk/news/2010-02-16/walking-walk-training-guide-now-available-download
Danny Chivers http://dannychivers.blogspot.com
Do you need a climate change speaker for an event?
Danny Chivers can offer talks, presentations and interactive workshops for a variety of audiences. Topics can include:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Climate science for non-scientists
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Where do all our greenhouse emissions come from?
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->The international picture - the UN talks and climate justice
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Solutions to climate change
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Taking action on climate change
Recent speaker engagements have included the National Federation of Women's Institutes, the Oxford Climate Forum and the London Sustainable Schools Spring Conference. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org . He charges for speaking engagements, but will try to fit within budgets.
Richard Twinch Design: www.twinchdesign.co.uk
Architect integrating low energy design into sustainable architecture. Available for community groups within 30 mins drive from central Oxford to give talks to local groups, preferably early evening. He can present and discuss options for insulating roofs, walls and floors starting from theory to practice. The informal presentation includes handling various insulating materials and demonstrating Thermographic imaging. Phone: 01865 202108 Email: email@example.com
Appendix 1: Climate Science information
There is so much information ‘out there’ that we’ve provided a list of some of the most useful sources for keeping up to date with current information and comment.
Appendix 2: Working with your Local Authority
Working with local authorities can really help community groups. You can influence the policies they make on the environment, and they may be able to offer your group their expertise, practical support and even funding. Your local authority has a range of ways to support you and your activities. The different authorities have targets on climate change, and below you’ll find a list of key local contacts and web pages for your local authorities.
See the EST guide ‘How to influence and work with your local authority’ available from http://tinyurl.com/32ctgac
Until May 2010, Oxfordshire’s National Indicator targets on climate change included the following, but following a change of government in 2010 the National Indicators are currently under review:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->NI 185: CO2 reduction from Local Authority operations, (http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/statistics/indicators/ni185/ni185.aspx)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->NI 188 Adapting to climate change: http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/climate/action/local-authorities.htm#indicator
TABLE 30: LOCAL AUTHORITY CONTACTS
Climate change commitments / policies
Oxfordshire County Council
Key contact: Susan Kent, Environment and Climate Change Manager
Email and phone: firstname.lastname@example.org 01865 815 861
Environment and climate change: To respond to the challenges of climate change by minimising the effects of flooding, looking after our environment, reducing waste and use of energy to improve the quality of life for all.
We pledge to:
Reduce carbon emissions and improve energy and water efficiency by public sector organisations, and encourage residents and businesses to do the same.
Support individuals, communities and businesses, to respond to climate change and to improve efficiency in their use of energy and water.
Oxfordshire’s greenhouse gas emissions reduced to levels comparable with the best in the UK - a 50% reduction in CO2, on 2008 levels by 2030
Oxfordshire County Council Corporate Plan
Environment and climate change is one of four a key priorities.
Our target is to reduce our carbon footprint by 18% by March 2012 (based on a 2005/6 baseline)
Oxford City Council
Key Contact: Paul Robinson Team Leader, Energy and Climate Change
Environmental Development, Oxford City Council
OX1 1PT, 01865 252541
See link to Oxford is My World initiative, with strands for householders, community groups, and local businesses.
For the City Council’s corporate carbon reduction work see: www.oxford.gov.uk/PageRender/decER/Climate_Change_in_Oxford_occw.htm
See the City Council’s corporate plans here:
The City Council’s Local Area Agreements, Sustainable Community Strategy and Corporate Plan mention climate change. Specific CC policies on this page: http://www.oxford.gov.uk/PageRender/decER/Climate_Change_in_Oxford_occw.htm
West Oxfordshire District Council
Key contact: Debbie Haynes, Environmental Policy Officer
email@example.com 01993 861349
WODC has a climate change policy which includes committing to reducing our emissions by 6 % according to the Local Area Agreement 2 and to achieving Level 3 of NI 188 which looks at adapting to climate change and weather impacts by 31 March 2011.
Check above website, key downloads include Green Travel Plan (shortly to be updated) and Local Climate Impact Profile - impacts of climate change.
You can find the Climate Change Policy at http://www.westoxon.gov.uk/files/download/6132-3265.pdf.
Any other info that is useful for community groups: http://www.westoxon.gov.uk/environment/environmentgroups.cfm - this has traditionally concentrated on ecology related groups, but welcome contributions from other community environmental groups.
South Oxfordshire and Vale of White Horse District Councils
www.southoxon.gov.uk<!--[if !supportNestedAnchors]--><!--[endif]--> www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/
Key contact: Cynthia Sullivan
firstname.lastname@example.org 01235 547363
Nottingham Declaration May 2007 - http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/Housing/Saving_energy/Councils_commitment_saving_energy.asp
Carbon Management Programme December 2009 20% (Vale) 30% (South) reduction in carbon emissions by 2012 based on a 2007 baseline. - http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/Housing/Saving_energy/Councils_commitment_saving_energy.asp and http://www.southoxon.gov.uk/ccm/content/corporate-support/sustainability/carbon-management.en
What climate change commitments and policies signed up to:
Local Area Agreement 2: Commitment to reduce Council carbon emissions by 6% (Vale) 20% (South) by March 2011 from a 2008/09 baseline and to be well adapted to climate change and severe weather
Energy Saving Trust 1 to 1 support programme : The council is part way through developing a local area emissions reduction strategy with help from the Energy Saving Trust. This will set out actions to reduce district wide emissions. It is envisaged the action plan will be complete by the end the year.
Other useful documents:
The council has comprehensive online guidance on household energy saving measures including links to many websites and contact details for further help, grants and guidance. http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/Housing/Saving_energy/default.asp
The council has a community grants scheme however due to budget constraints this has been withdrawn for the current year. http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/community_support_and_advice/community_grants/default.asp
Useful information for community groups:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Vale of White Horse Supplementary Planning Document on Sustainable Design and Construction: http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/Images/Sustainable%20Construction%20Completed%20Document_tcm4-7490.pdf
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Vale of White Horse Residential Design Guide: http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/Images/Residential%20Design%20Guide%20Combined_tcm4-7489.pdf
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->South Oxfordshire Design Guide: http://www.southoxon.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/environment/planning-and-building-control/conservation/conservation-forms-and-leaflets/design-guide/
Cherwell District Council
Key Local authority contact/s: Jo Colwell and Gabi Kaiser
Job description/s: Mitigation and Adaptation for both the Council and the District
email@example.com (Tel: 01295 221957)
firstname.lastname@example.org (Tel: 01295 221962)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Nottingham Declaration signatory
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Working in partnership with the Carbon Trust as part of their Carbon Management Programme
<!--[if !supportLists]-->Ø <!--[endif]-->Long term vision is to be Carbon neutral.
See online: http://www.cherwell.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=1777
Useful information for community groups:
Cherwell District Council is keen to work in partnership with any community group in the District. We hold twice yearly environment forums to support community activists and can offer on loan our thermal imaging camera to constituted groups over Winter months.
Appendix 3: Event Publicity
As yet, there is no central ‘clearing house’ for environmental information and action in Oxfordshire, so to ensure your event has the maximum publicity you’ll need to send it round a few email lists.
Do use local online networking too, but don’t ignore the tried and trusted ways of telling people about your events.
Appendix 4: Case Study: Thermal Imaging Study of Brightwell Cum Sotwell
Case Study 9: Thermal Imaging Studies
Thermal Imaging Houses – Some Conclusions
Based on experiences in the communities of Brightwell-cum-Sotwell, Blewbury, Dorchester, Streatley & Goring using infra-red photos to highlight houses’ heat loss.
The Good News & the Bad News
The Bad News - Thermal imaging is not so easy.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->Interpreting results needs training, care & experience.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->- <!--[endif]-->Normally it needs to be done in cold weather when neither the sun nor rain has fallen on the house being imaged. This and the need for discussion with householders mean that it takes more time than one expects to image a number of properties.
The Good News - It fulfils its main function in being absolutely intriguing, raising
interest and awareness.
- It makes people think they should do something to save energy.
- Householders are pleased and enjoy having it done. They can recognize and confirm what they see in the images.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->1. <!--[endif]-->Gathering initial support & involvement
It was important to advertise the project beforehand and seek committed team members and individuals interested in having their properties imaged. This can be done via personal contact and suitable local publications.
It is necessary to made clear that no images will be taken of properties without the householders’ permission.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2. <!--[endif]-->The Team
Team structure and the choice of committed individuals is important. Obviously the choice can be approached in different ways, but certain key characteristics are required:-
<!--[if !supportLists]-->(a) <!--[endif]-->Someone to set out & coordinate the imaging program (i.e. Project Director / Leader).
<!--[if !supportLists]-->(b) <!--[endif]-->Someone with good contacts & knowledge of the community is needed to facilitate communication & identification of individuals.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->(c) <!--[endif]-->Imagers who have training / experience specifically in operating the infrared camera. Experience with normal digital photography is useful but not enough.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->(d) <!--[endif]-->Those downloading the digital thermal image data onto computers, processing it and probably printing it will need suitable computer skills.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->(e) <!--[endif]-->Someone, presumably one of those involved in (d) above, to keep track of the rather large amounts of data collected.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->3. <!--[endif]-->Camera Use
Thermal imaging is different to normal digital photography. Using the camera & putting in the appropriate settings is not straightforward. Training, practising & understanding beforehand is essential.
Imaging glass windows can be affected by reflection. Even the heat from the imager’s body can be reflected. So the angle and what might be reflected needs care in image taking & interpretation. For example, shiny surfaces and roofs imaged at an angle can give distorted temperature readings.
4. Other equipment
Although not essential, a tripod & thermometer can be useful. For image interpretation it helps to know the temperatures inside & outside the property being imaged. The camera itself does measure ambient temperature, but takes some time to respond. Some hand held thermometers are quicker.
A temperature differential between inside & outside of at least 10ºC is needed for good results. Solar gain is another problem. Sun on one side of a building, even hours earlier, can seriously distort the thermal imaging results.
A wet surface, such a brick after rain, can also be a problem.
Thus winter evenings after overcast skies without rain give the best results.
A local weather forecasting website, such as www.metcheck.com, can help in organizing imaging dates.
6. Time needed
Imaging a number of properties takes longer than expected. This is largely due to weather uncertainties and the establishment of coincident availability dates for householders & imagers. Contacting householders & imagers and programming imaging dates is essential.
Good organisation is key ! Blewbury was assigned the camera for only a short time and yet thermally imaged 18 properties in only 4 evenings. This is the best time performance to date from any of our communities.
Having the camera allocated for an extended period seems good but a shorter period a say of ~2 weeks can concentrate the mind and give better use of time if well organised (& given suitable weather). Also imaging sessions seem better fitted in after evening meals rather than before.
<!--[if !supportLists]-->7. <!--[endif]-->Organisation
The team organisation needs to be set up beforehand with individual roles defined. Once the camera collection date is known, a date for training the team members needs to be established. Training needs adequate time, and more than one training session may be needed.
The most usual operating teams consist of 2 ‘imagers’ one of whom concentrates on operating the camera and the other on the essential note taking. A third, a director/‘imager’ may be added to help coordination.
8. Note taking
Image interpretation is not straightforward. One cannot stress enough the need for careful notes of the weather, building structures & any anomalies found.
Anomalies to keep an eye open for are unexpected colours / temperatures in the image. Then it’s best to try to establish & note the possible explanation. The householder’s explanation / opinion is likely to help. Knowing the weather conditions & building structure (e.g. insulation already installed etc.) helps with image interpretation.
Field Note Taking is helped by having pre prepared forms for the imagers to complete on site whilst out imaging (see one example used, Appendix B ).
<!--[if !supportLists]-->9. <!--[endif]-->Downloading, Processing Images & Producing Reports
This can take longer per property than the imaging itself. But for maximum impact the results should be fed back to the householder fairly quickly, say within a month.
Before starting report production it is necessary to decide the nature of the reports to be produced, the colour palette for the images, the software to use (this can be camera software alone or in combination with other software e.g. JPEG & MS Word), and how they will be conveyed to householders.
Some opt for reports of several pages using camera software, incorporating not only Red-Blue palette thermal images, but added normal digital images of the properties as well.
Some used the camera software to process the thermal images, but produced their 1 or 2 page reports with JPEG images using MS Word (see example Appendix A).
One community opted to save paper by circulating images via email and only printing images for householders without computers.
All the communities managed to get example results in village & local publications & on display boards at local events, all of which helps to convey the message.
Our community projects have been well received. Thermal imaging is fascinating. People were very interested to see the results and pleased to have the images and analyses. Sometimes it did not tell them much they did not suspect or know, but it emphasised their energy loss and added to motivation.
As with most motivational projects continued follow-up & varied approaches are needed.
Perhaps the most difficult aspect is getting people to act on the information received and to spend their hard earned cash on energy saving improvements.
One suggestion is for a suitable member of the team to return to the householder say about one or not more than two weeks after they have received the thermal image results to discuss possibilities. For this it is helpful to have details / publications on energy saving and its costs & returns produced by organisations such as the Thames Valley Energy Centre and the Energy Saving Trust.
However, energy prices are going to rise further and people will start to see an even stronger need for making the necessary savings in the home.
Good - Planning, Organisation, Team Selection, Training, Communication & Commitment are the keys to success.
Peter Varley – BcS Environment Group 30.10.09
Appendix 5: Case Study 10: RM (Research Machines) goes Green, by Anthony Simpson
RM is a successful company based in Milton Park, Didcot. Below Anthony Simpson, an employee at RM, details their activity in their first year of Green RM. In 2008 RM was named as one of the top 50 green Companies in the Sunday Times Green List.
Waste, recycling and water
Successes and activities
Green RM initiated by interested staff in 2004
Company objective to reduce electricity use by 8% (14% achieved, but weather assisted)
Removal of gas guzzlers including 4x4s from company car list. Inclusion of full life costs in full calculations, e.g. considering fuel implications. Toyota Prius hybrid has been added to the company car fleet
Introduction of office recycling. 50% of waste now recycled
Director engagement due to multiple benefits to customers, staff and shareholders
Timer switches on office equipment
Incentive to reuse cups – remember 5 cups per day per person= 1000 per annum!
Recycling of paper, plastic, batteries, cans, CDs, printer cartridges, mobile phones and computer equipment (WEEE)
Building awareness over 200 staff have watched the Al Gore Movie ‘An Inconvenient Truth’
Office audits of office equipment left on overnight and divisional league tables
Reduction in food miles through change of catering company
‘Think before you print’ guidelines to encourage staff not to print unless necessary, and to optimise printing (double sided, 2 pages on 1 etc)
Growing interest from new applicants (including graduates) interested in corporate responsibility including eco-credentials
Created new low energy computers for schools (www.ecoquiet.co.uk)
Lift sharing scheme introduced
Projects in place delivering reduction in paper and packaging, and transferring to be from sustainable source. New customer instruction packaging contains 80% recycled content
Huge interest from educational establishments about our environmental responsibilities
Moved company annual report, firstly to be carbon neutral, then to enable electronic distribution
Improved shower and changing facilities to encourage cyclists, walkers etc
Bringing mugs to work
Annual Green Week to improve awareness of climate change, our activities to reduce our impact, and encourage new ideas
Switch to renewable energy supplier saving 2308 tonnes of CO2 per annum
Greener driving guidelines
Introduced Arriba office paper (Greenpeace endorsed) including using post consumer waste. Slight increase in cost offset by cut in paper use.
Green shopping site- discounts from companies for more environmentally friendly products and services
Server visualisation to dramatically reduce the number of servers
Introduction of travel card scheme
Coffee grounds recycled for composting use at RM and by staff
Staff suggestion email list set up (email@example.com)
Apply setting centrally managed desktops to improve consistent use of power saving facilities
Free Milton park bus passes
New PCs bought for internal use must be our low energy ecoquiet range, a laptop and/or LCD monitor
Zonal sensor lighting in Production and many office buildings to reduce lighting energy use
More than half the RM computers we ship will be based on ‘greener’ technology, having a net power consumption per computer of less than 80W, including display, at full system load, as measured by Orthos
Plans to reduce air milage through more effective planning of meetings and greater use of technologies such as video-conferencing
80% of RM desktops shipped to primary and secondary schools will incorporate eco-quiet technology
Appendix 6: List of Community groups active on climate change in Oxfordshire
Table 1 Oxfordshire Community groups June 2010
Appendix 7: Updating this resource
This resource is as up to date as we can make it (July 2010), but we will be updating it annually. If you’ve got a case study to be included, or some information or resources to share, please send them through for inclusion in the next update of this resource. You can email it to firstname.lastname@example.org
Details needed for updates:
Section in which it should be included:
Photos / images: Please attach these separately to the email, even if they are embed them in the text.
Relevant website/ links
<!--[if !supportFootnotes]-->[ii]<!--[endif]--> Transition Initiatives: A Transition Initiative (which could be a town, village, university or island etc) is a community-led response to the pressures of climate change, fossil fuel depletion and increasingly, economic contraction. There are thousands of initiatives around the world starting their journey to answer this crucial question: "for all those aspects of life that this community needs in order to sustain itself and thrive, how do we significantly rebuild resilience (to mitigate the effects of Peak Oil and economic contraction) and drastically reduce carbon emissions (to mitigate the effects of Climate Change)?" http://www.transitionnetwork.org/